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The 6 Common Thyroid Problems and Diseases

The thyroid gland plays a crucial role in the body’s metabolism, weight, temperature, and musculoskeletal health. Unfortunately, thyroid problems and diseases are common, with an estimated 20 million Americans having a form of thyroid disease. 

Read on to learn about the 6 most common thyroid problems and diseases. If you experience any of the symptoms discussed below, don’t hesitate to contact your Florida ENT for an evaluation. 


Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid produces an excess of thyroid hormones, causing the body’s metabolism to increase. This can lead to symptoms including:

  • Nervousness and irritability
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle weakness
  • Mood swings
  • Heat intolerance
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Hand tremors
  • Rapid, irregular heartbeat
  • Weight loss
  • Frequent bowel movements
  • Goiter

Graves’ Disease

As the most common cause of hyperthyroidism, Graves’ disease is an autoimmune condition that causes the thyroid to produce too much hormone. 


Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones. This leads to symptoms like: 

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • A puffy face
  • Cold intolerance
  • Dry skin
  • Thinning hair
  • Constipation
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Reduced sweating
  • Heavy or irregular periods in women
  • Slowed heart rate

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis 

This autoimmune disease causes the immune system to attack and damage thyroid tissue. This causes hypothyroidism. 

Thyroid Nodules

A thyroid nodule is a lump or growth on the thyroid gland. This condition is very common, affecting up to 50% of all individuals. While a nodule may be a sign of thyroid cancer, nearly 90% of all thyroid nodules are non-cancerous growths. 

Many nodules are asymptomatic and identified during a routine physical exam or imaging for another reason. To further evaluate it, your physician may recommend ultrasound imaging or blood tests. The nodule may not need treatment, but some require biopsy or treatment. 


A goiter is an enlarged thyroid gland. It can be triggered by iodine deficiency, multiple thyroid nodules, or autoimmune thyroid disease. Goiters can be treated with medical therapy, although surgery may be recommended for goiters that grow in size. 

Signs that you may have a goiter include swelling at the base of the neck, coughing, difficulty swallowing, a tight feeling in the throat, and trouble breathing. 

In addition to our team’s years of expertise in traditional thyroid and parathyroid surgery, ENT Associates also offers two advanced surgical options: Radiofrequency Ablation and Scarless Thyroid/Parathyroid Surgery. These new, advanced treatments offer additional cutting-edge options for patients with endocrine disorders.

Schedule an appointment at ENT Associates in Florida today for a complete thyroid evaluation. 


Contact Us

ENT Associates Main Office

1330 South Fort Harrison
Clearwater, FL 33756

Phone: 727-441-3588
Fax: 727-461-1038

Hours of Business: 8:00AM - 5:00PM

Extended Hours:
Countryside until 6:30PM (Thu Only)
Port Richey until 6:30PM (Alt Wed Only)

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